7.5 Quake in Afghanistan and Pakistan

A series of earthquakes cause havoc in the Middle East

Last Monday, October 26th, a 7.5-magnitude earthquake near the Hindu Kush mountain range shook the regions of northeast Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. According to the most recent news by USA Today, the death toll has risen to 385 with at least 2,000 injured. More than 10,000 homes in Pakistan and 7,600 homes in Afghanistan were demolished.

The hardest-hit areas near the epicenter included the areas located 73 km south of Badakhshan, the Swat Valley, Dir, Malakand, and Shangla towns in the mountains of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

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People search for their belongings and families in the wreckage of the quake in Badakshan (Ahmed/Getty Images)

Badakhshan, one of the most impoverished regions in Afghanistan, is especially vulnerable to natural disasters. The region has often been affected by earthquakes, floods, snowstorms, and even mudslides. With less than 1 million people residing across the huge mountains and valleys, it is challenging for fast and efficient rescue operations to take place.

The Badakhshan Government official, Shah Waliullah Adeeb, reported to TIME news, “Helicopters were needed to reach the most remote villages, many inaccessible by road at the best of times. Now, landslides and falling rocks have blocked the few existing roads. Food and other essentials were ready to go, but getting there is not easy.”

Soldiers loading sacks of food in the helicopter to distribute them in Peshawar, Pakistan (Parvez/Reuters).
Soldiers loading sacks of food in the helicopter to distribute them in Peshawar, Pakistan (Parvez/Reuters)

Moreover, there still lingers the high risk for more casualties as Qameruddin Sediqi, an adviser to the public health minister in Afghanistan stated, “We believe the exact numbers are much higher because not all people bring the bodies to the hospitals so there are many that are not being counted. And there are still areas we don’t have access to so we are not aware of the situation there” (TIME News).  

There is a short supply of food, blankets, and tents in the Takhar province in Afghanistan, and people are sleeping outside in near-freezing temperatures. At least 12 students were killed by the stampede in the girls’ school as they were all trying to escape in the midst of havoc without adults who could properly guide them through emergency situations.

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Damaged buildings in Afghanistan’s Badakshan province (BBC News)

In Pakistan, the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has sent 2,000 tents to the most severely afflicted areas, and is now currently attempting to transport relief supplies through military aircrafts and to repair the impaired communication lines cut by landslides.

Yet these measures appear to be inadequate. It has already been the third night deprived of shelters and food for the survivors in Pakistan and Afghanistan, yet thousands are forced to camp in the crowded 70 tents provided by the village officials in the freezing-zero-temperature without blankets, warm clothes, and proper hygiene. Western charities and NGOs are also hindered by the Taliban presence in Afghanistan.

An injured Pakistani child in a Peshawar hospital after the earthquake (Ahmed, Getty Images)
An injured Pakistani child in a Peshawar hospital after the earthquake (Ahmed/ Getty Images)
Patients in Mingora, Pakistan, in the Swat valley, after the quake (Ali, Aljazeera News).
Patients in Mingora, Pakistan, in the Swat valley after the quake (Ali/Aljazeera News).
Afghanistan men removing debris from the earthquake in Kabul, Afghanistan (Aref Karimi, Getty Images).
Removing debris from the earthquake in Kabul, Afghanistan (Aref Karimi/Getty Images).

The shallower the earthquake, the greater potential for a far worse, severe devastation above ground. The recent temblor in Nepal with only 5 miles (8km) below ground or the 2005 Kashmir earthquake with 16.1 miles (26km) deep have already induced more than 80,000 deaths, compared to Monday’s earthquake with 213 kilometers (130 miles) below ground.

Bricks fell loose in the street in Mingora, Pakistan. (Hazrat Ali Bacha / Reuters).
Rubble in an alley in Mingora, Pakistan. (Hazrat Ali Bacha / Reuters)

Nonetheless, it is evident that the villagers are in desperate need of help after the constant series of natural disasters.  

 

– Sammie Kim (’18)

The Unpredictable Development of Egypt

Conflicts between the Muslim Brotherhood and President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi continue in Egypt.

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Supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and the displaced president, Mohammed Morsi, protest in Cairo. (c. Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters)

Egypt, although originally believed to have had better days since the Arab Springs in 2011, is still in turmoil and chaos. As commonly known, Hosni Mubarak, Egypt’s political leader, had been forced out of power on February 2011 after having ruled for over 30 years. Following his displacement, the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood’s freedom and justice party took control, electing Mohammed Morsi as their president. The inauguration of Mohammed Morsi had satisfied the brotherhood, the people of Egypt, and others around the world. As the first elected leader of Egypt, he had been the hope for stability and success, but, as expected, President Mohammed Morsi had also been overthrown in June 2013 after millions of protesters milled the streets of Egypt and a military general staged a coup. Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi, the military general who led the coup, is currently known as President Sisi.

The fact that Mohammed Morsi was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood and was overthrown is causing dissent even today in Egypt. The members of the brotherhood claim the unfairness of the situation because he had been removed from office by a coup. Numbering anywhere from 500,000 to 2,000,000, (possibly more according to some news sites) the Brotherhood is not a group that can be easily be quieted down. Egypt’s whole Arab Spring had taken place to secure a more financially and economically stable country, but with the forceful removal of Mohammed Morsi, there is outrage amongst the people who believe that the government is returning to pre-Arab Spring conditions.

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President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi (Mena/Agence France-Presse – Getty Images)

The Muslim Brotherhood had been fervently trying to regain their own power in the government, but ruled under the iron fist of President Sisi, they see no hope. Thousands of members are thrown behind bars and all the opposition groups against Sisi have been easily quelled with the use of military force.

The future of Egypt is unpredictable, for what had originally been planned out was shoved to the side. With a military general leading Egypt in the status quo, we can only watch as the future unfolds.

 

– Andy Yang (’16)

Header: Getty Images